Salvatore Barbaro studied Economics, Business Education and German studies at the University of Göttingen. After finishing his PhD at the University of Göttingen in 2004, he joined the Johannes-Gutenberg University in Mainz as a research assistant, where he held, among other positions, the Chair of Finance.
In 2010, Salvatore Barbaro was appointed State Secretary of Finance for the State of Rhineland-Palatinate and held this office until 2016. From 2016 to 2019 he was State Secretary for Science, Continuing Education and Culture. In addition, he has been a Chairman of Supervisory Boards for a number of companies from various sectors, including hospitals, banks, airports and gambling companies.
Since returning to academia in 2019, Salvatore Barbaro has been teaching and researching at the University of Mainz.